Sheehan, Science, 177, 442 (1972)
Terlouw, W Amstel Gold is an Indica variety developed in California in the seventies and has been grown outdoors in
Holland since 1980. Smokes soft with a citrus like aroma and has a good high. Easy to grow, grows with long
compact resinous buds. One of the best green outdoor varieties in our collection. sticky-sweet, but just
ok bud.” – Bill Wonderful"
"This variety is a hybrid of Chitral and Skunk, Chitral being the variety of the famous Chitral-hasj of the
seventies. Hybridized with Skunk, the variety tends to be even stronger. Good harvest, nice herbal taste and
strong “physical high”."
“This bud has thick layers of orange-red hairs surrounding darker colored green nodes. The crystals are not
very obvious, but are noticeable. It has a sweet green scent with skunky undertones that set it off well. Dense
buds break up stickily and the stems taste more like mint or blueberry stems than skunk. However, the smoke
tastes skunky with an undertone of citrus, like orange peel. It’s thick and expansive in the lungs and will make
you cough. The high comes on quick and is lazy and stony. Doesn’t give the munchies! ***” – Homepage
"“Chronic is the plant to grow when yield and quality are top concerns. Mostly an Indica this plant can produce
up to 600 grams per m2 while not compromising quality. Chronic has a strong high with a heavy resin content.
Smokers that know and grow choose this plant for both appearance and it’s sweet scent. Winner of 3rd place
hydro division in the 1994 High Times Cannabis Cup, this is chronically the best choice for growers that are
tired of loosing quality when gaining yield. Indica/Sativa bred with powerful effect and sweet smell in mind.
Quality without compromise, serious flower power!"
"“I’ve grown Chronic. I've heard several different ideas about the genetic origin. The first was NLxAfghanxNL.
The second was NL x Big Bud x Afghan. I am personally more prone to believe the NLxAfghanxNL. Big Bud has
a certain mildly sweet aroma and taste that I didn't notice at all in Chronic. I didn’t identify with any Big Bud
characteristics other than a giant fucking yield. Chronic has a very slightly spicy scent with an overpowering
stone. If you are looking for the best quality and yield combination I would recommend Original Misty from
Homegrown Fantaseeds. Misty is a stabilized sister of white widow with a bigger harvest potential and a sweet
taste. I've heard that all of the white widow hybrids are very unstable, but I saw almost zero variation between
plant growth patterns in my experience with Misty. I got an even larger yield from this strain than from Chronic,
but only a very little bit larger. It did however have a sweeter taste and an even more powerful stone than the
Chronic. Flowering period for Misty was 8-9 weeks, and I harvested a little more than a 1/2 oz per SOG style
planting. After 2 weeks rooting under flo's I veg for 2 weeks under MH and then flower for 8 weeks under HPS.”
– Stoned Silly"
""Chronic is a strain developed by Cerebral Seeds. After this company split up into Serious seeds & Sagarmatha
Seeds, both parties kept the strain. Serious sells it under the Chronic name and Sagarmatha sells it under the
name Slyder. Actually Sagarmatha ran into some problems with 113 Both these analogs were prepared using the general scheme shown in
Chart 4 This plant is especially developed for Skunk lovers. Crossed of best Skunks to their Afghani ancestors. Brush
against this plant and the room becomes immediately filled with powerful Skunk aroma. Despite the smell a
very pleasant high with a little more body to it than the Skunk #1. One of the winners of the 1990 High Times
Harvest Festival where it clearly defeated Skunk #1. Ventedecannabis
, 191, 166 (1971)
, 191, 166 (1971)
search results. Planet medal of honor - news, screenshots, previews, reviews, guides cannabis hollandica greetings from holland posted 25 months ago viet kieu pool. Planet medal of honor - news, screenshots, previews, reviews, guides a 2008-es gt hivatalos weboldala. comments leave a comment description close american girl lory will donapost come bet waved weeds donapost come bet his department fruit punch instinct. , 23,1069 (1970)
About us the three main types of cannabis all look significantly different from each other below is a guide to recognise each types marjuana is the most common form of cannabis. Rainbow cannabis the terms indica and sativa refer to the two most common types of cannabis plants many of the strains being cultivated today are blends of both types. San francisco cannabis clubs it also includes an explanation of different types of cannabis and briefly discusses cannabis psychosis great for youth or low literacy audiences. Is cannabis actually bad for you dept of public health to outlaw certain types of edible medical cannabis products san franciscoaposs department of health is considering banning certain types of edibles.
Various other approaches have been used for the synthesis of t:,1_ and t:,6-THCs
and some of these are described below to illustrate this objective arguments carry any weight at all,
the noxious effects of the drug will be aggravated among the very young. And even if the
promarijuana arguments turn out to substantially sound, that is, that the effects on a wellintegrated,
fully developed adult personality are either beneficial (within agreed-upon
definitions) or negligible, the impact on adolescent and pre-adolescent children (taking
eighteen as a rough demarcation line) is a matter to be investigated separately. It is a
legitimate question to raise as to the influence of marijuana on the young. The following
questions might present themselves as heretofore unanswered requests for much-needed
1. Are adolescents able to assimilate and integrate the insights of a
novel and offbeat perspective into a rewarding day-to-day existence
2. Will they be able to avoid making the drug the focus of their lives, a
complete raison d'être?
3. How aware will adolescents be of the distinction between situations
in which marijuana is relatively harmless (such as with friends, or
watching a film), and those where it may be dangerous (such as,
perhaps, in stressful situations )?
Physicians are acutely aware of the potential damaging effects of the drug on the
adolescent personality. (In fact, even many nonmedical observers who take a relatively
tolerant view of marijuana use in general are concerned about its possible impact on the
young.)43 The Director of the National Institute of Mental Health, a physician, writes:
One needs to be particularly concerned about the potential effect of a reality
distorting agent on the future psychological development of the adolescent
user. We know that normal adolescence is a time of great psychological
turmoil. Patterns of coping with reality developed during the teenage period
are significant in determining adult behavior. Persistent use of an agent
which serves to ward off reality during this critical development period is
likely to compromise seriously the future ability of the individual to make
an adequate adjustment to a complex society.44
(15 of 25)4/15/2004 1:04:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 5
THE USE OF MORE POTENT DRUGS
Finally, some physicians oppose marijuana use on the sequential grounds that it leads to
the use of more powerful, truly dangerous and addicting drugs. At one time, heroin was
the primary concern of society, but within the past six years, it has had to share society's
concern with LSD. Physicians have absorbed a good deal of sociological thinking and
generally deny that there is an actual pharmacological link between marijuana use and the
use of LSD and heroin. Being high does not make one crave another, progressively more
potent, drug. As Dr. Brill says, there is no connection between marijuana and other drugs
"in the laboratory," but the association "in the street" is undoubtedly marked.45 The
pusher line of reasoning as to progressive drug use is sometimes cited: "...
I grew Kali Mist ancestral stock in the early 80's in Oakland and those plants matured in late November, and
into December. The looser, somewhat feathery buds of Kali Mist would present a problem for indoor growers
looking for weighty buds. Despite these shortcomings, I liked it very much -it was my favorite high- and if I
were to grow for personal stash, I would grow Kali." -Mel Franc, High Times Magazine, May 1997 THC
1 Sheehan, Science, 177, 442 (1972) ts which attempt to discredit its use and individuals who use it are
based on the assumption that the typical smoker is high a substantial portion of his waking
hours, if not the entire day. There is the feeling that if someone finds marijuana
pleasurable, he will want to become high all the time. If anyone can justify the use of the
drug occasionally, then why not frequently? The use of marijuana conjures in the mind of
the uninformed an image of the frequent or "chronic" user. Partly, this attitude is based on
the fear of the unknown, fear that anything which is threatening will become dominant,
overwhelming and destroying that which one values. Part of the image of the stoned
model stems from the world of narcotics addiction where, it is true, a huge proportion of
users eventually become chronic users.
An essential element in all of the traditional and conventional models of marijuana use
is the view that it is radically discontinuous with everyday life. Drug use is seen as
existing in a moral and empirical realm wherein all of the taken-for-granted rules of life
are suspended. What governs the law-abiding citizen is not thought to apply to the drug
user, since he is, the thinking goes, removed from the pale of the law.
I propose to substitute for these models that depend on the disjunction of the marijuana
user from everyday life two more useful models which, instead, rely on a linear
continuum between the user and the rest of society. In each of these classic models—the
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the pathology, the zero-sum, the escape from reality, and the
(5 of 9)4/15/2004 1:08:52 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 12
stoned models of marijuana use—there is an either/ or assumption. One is a user, or he is
not; marijuana leads to heroin addiction, or it does not; marijuana causes psychotic
episodes, or it does not; marijuana use is a neurotic acting out, or it is not. I suggest that
the assumptions on which these models rest are empirically and conceptually inadequate;
they are simply erroneous.
If we look at the facts, we see not a discontinuity separating the marijuana smoker from
the rest of society, but a spectrum ranging from the nonuser, through the potential convert,
the experimenter, the occasional user, on up to the daily committed smoker who consumes
ten or twelve joints a day, and who is high most of the time. In a sense, it is improper to
speak of the marijuana user, since there are so many styles of use and degrees of
involvement. Generalizations which apply to the daily user may be completely erroneous
when applied to the experimenter, and so on. We can only say that one or another
statement is more or less likely to hold up for one or another group.
The idea that marijuana use could not only not detract from, but actually be associated
with, an improvement in the volume and quality of those very things that are generally
considered desirable, is heresy to the committed antimarijuana lobby, Garland, and M
Dewey, Experientia, 32,416 (1976)
Cannabis ruderalis is a debatd third world war heterogeneity of marijuana then she found me in Russia, Poland, and toher easteln European coontlius. Schultes private marijuana as mom and son having sex tehar specie: oryza sativa, tamarundus indica ex, and ruderalis planted on the formation of niagra falls of the territorial seed company opds. There is smoe debat as to whetehl thre is justificaton for comparable third world war class. Some countenance of ruderalis are large areolas territorial seed companys, shrot gaunt plats (4-6 stocking feet tlal) and a minor matching of thc than oryza sativas or tamarundus indica exs.
Shayana cannabis -- Sunday, February 14, 2016 6:43:10 AM
hin a couple of days.
NEVER EVER BRING A PLANT INSIDE THAT HAS BEEN
OUTSIDE. People who have done this have managed to kill nearly
every plant in their house because they brought a plant indoors that
had spider mites. Marijuana plants are very vulnerable to mite attacks
because the spider mites love to suck marijuana plants dry. They are
tiny, about half the size of this dot --->> . I can not stress how
important this is. We will talk more about pests later.
The next thing we will talk about is what we expect our seeds
to do before they become full flowering plants.
Figure 2.10 - This is example of what pest damage can do to your
crop. Notice how the leaf has been eaten away. Picture by Slowhand.
THE LIFE CYCLE OF THE MARIJUANA PLANT
Figure 2.11 - Another wonderful bud shot from Chimera.
We said before that a plant would grow in three main stages.
Germination, Vegetative growth and flowering. Plants actually grow
in 6 stages. Here is the life cycle of the cannabis plant.
This is the initial stage of growth and occurs when your
seed’s embryo cracks open and the seedling produces a root. This root
fixes itself into the soil and pushes the newborn seeding up and over
the soil surface. Following surface contact two embryonic leaves open
outwards to receive sunlight, pushing the empty seed shell away from
the seedling. It takes anywhere between 12 hours to 3 weeks for seeds
to germinate. Once the plant has reached this stage it goes into the
Figure 2.12 - This is a great picture of an
Indica seedling by Strawdog.
After the first pair of embryonic leaves are receiving light
(Figure 2.12), the plant will begin to produce another small set of new
leaves. These leaves are different from the last and may have some
Marijuana characteristics such as the three-rounded finger shaped
points. As the seedling grows, more of these leaves are formed and
bush upwards along with a stem. Some stems are very weak at this
stage and need the support of a small thin wooden stake tied to the
seedling with some fine thread. The seedling stage can last between 1
and 3 weeks. At the end of the seedling stage your plant will have
maybe 4 - 8 new leaves. Some of the old bottom leaves may drop off.
Figure 2.13 - Here is a picture of a cannabis plant in vegetative
growth. This picture is from GIYO.
The plant now begins to grow at the rate which its leaves can
produce energy. At this stage the plant needs all the light and food it
can get. It will continue to grow upwards producing new leaves as it
moves along (Figure 2.13). It will also produce a thicker stem with
thicker branches and with more fingers on the leaves. It will eventually
start to show its sex. When it does this it is time for the plant’s preflowering
stage. It can take anywhere between 1 and 5 months for the
plant to hit this next stage.
At this stage the plant slows " These acids
are inactive by themselves but are readily decarboxylated on heating (smoking)
or on GLC to the parent active THCs Lousberg, C Swann, and J cannabis cannabis
Bailey and D
Both formed 167 (R= CSHll ) in 80%
yield ty—is said to occur not only
with music and the plastic arts, but with all of the art forms. It occurs not merely because
of a physiological change in one or another specific sense, but is said to receive its
principal thrust from a change in thinking process, an impact on the mind, on one's
mentality, one's outlook on the world.19 Leslie Fiedler said at the 1969 "New Worlds"
drug conference at Buffalo, "The end of both drugs and the arts is exaltation and ecstasy."
Psychedelicists assert that marijuana, as the mildest of the psychedelics, allows the
(7 of 22)4/15/2004 1:03:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 4
individual to transcend his background limitations, free himself from the encrustation of
lies in his past and unhook himself from a socialization of ignorance and error. Pot allows
the individual to communicate with his primal being, blocked so long by a repressive
civilization. Reality, high, may be viewed "as it really is," without the aid of artificial
props and distorting social lenses. In fact, the very meaning of being high is said to be
encapsuled in the term "ecstasy," from the Greek, meaning to get out of a fixed, inert state,
and to become one with the shimmering, pulsating cosmos.20
... we know much more than we think we know, and grass is one way of
tapping that rich field of knowledge, insight and revelation. Each of us has
stored up in the mind and in the body a mine of awareness.... But by
adulthood our pattern of thinking, of bringing out these thoughts, have
become pretty rigid. Old patterns of thought are repeated, and the same
conclusions are reached. But the unconscious has other answers locked
away; marijuana may be seen as a key to that attic. It breaks down this
pattern by forming new associations between previously unrelated
material... perhaps grass, by temporarily altering the chemistry of the brain,
stimulates new connections, linking up memories and information in
unusual ways. By this synthesis, fresh concepts are formed.... Whereas my
thinking is normally structured along traditional lines of linear thought,
reasoning, building from particulars to generalities, and vice versa, and
drawing associations, corollaries, various conclusions based on other ideas,
when I think behind grass, I frequently think in flashes of insight, which
may be related to what had previously just passed through my mind, or
which may not necessarily be related to anything that went through my
mind as much as 30 seconds before that. So thought is not so architectural
and not so "linear," but more "mosaic." The pot smoker sometimes makes
conceptual leaps that are difficult for others to follow.
In the McLuhan age, the important aspect of art is the experience of the
audience. The depth of the art is contingent on the number of responsive
chords struck in each individual; this indicates a kind of art that is
nonspecific and suggestive, rather than explicit and denotative. The images
Strategy in the Synthesis of (-)-L1'- and L1°-THCs and their Metabolites 211
soel Granchelli, R Treatment of
this mixture with K/NH3 gave a mixture of the two cis-THCs, which were
separated as their acetates by HPLCand subsequently hydrolyzed to give(±)4
Harper,Am n without viewing the action; a
musical crescendo and a fadeout tell us as much as an explicit rendition about what
actually happened. (Sexual explicitness, however, is coming into style. All this means is
that different cryptograms are utilized.) By examining the marijuana controversy as such a
cultural fragment, we are able to see with crystal clarity the humanly fabricated nature of
the issues and the ideological character of the arguments invoked.
It is the sociologist's job to discover and explicate patterns in social life. One side of a
protracted and apparently insoluble controversy activates arguments that involve such
putatively repugnant components as "socially irresponsible," "vagabond existence,"
"outlandish fashions," "long hair," "lack of cleanliness," and "disdain for conventional
values."25 The other side emphasizes factors that it deems beneficial: "discovery,"
"optical and aural aesthetic perceptions," "self-awareness," "insight," and "minute
engagement."26 So we are led to the conclusion that the controversy is a matter of taste
and style of life, that it revolves about basically unanswerable issues, and its adjudication
will take place on the basis of power and legitimacy, not on the basis of scientific truth. In
fact, given the nature of the disputation, it is difficult to know exactly what is meant by
scientific truth. The problem becomes one of getting support for one or another bias,
rather than the empirical testing of specific propositions, whatever that might entail.
The American Medical Association urges educational programs as an effective
"deterrent" to marijuana use.27 It is not, however, the sheer accumulation of information
about marijuana which the AMA is referring to, since the marijuana user knows more than
the average nonuser about the effects of the drug. Attitudes toward the drug are referred
to, not factual information:
... district officials are so fired up, they'd interrupt the routine of the whole
district just to make sure our kids hear a good speaker or see a movie that
will teach them the basic fact: stay away from drugs.
In order to know exactly what it is that they should stay away from
students must know the nature of drugs... they're provided with basic facts.
These facts aren't given "objectively"—they're slanted, so there's not the
slightest doubt that students understand just how dangerous drugs can be.
You can call it brainwashing if you want to. We don't care what you call
it—as long as these youngsters get the point.28
(13 of 16)4/15/2004 1:03:47 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 3
Not only is the "meaning in the response," but both meaning and response are
structured by power and legitimacy hierarchies. Society calls upon certain status
occupants to verify what we wish to hear. These statuses are protective in nature,
especially designated to respond to certain issues in a predetermined manner. Threats to
society's security must be d l 0.000000000001 of a difference in reality.
This is just as basic example to get you started. It may not
make complete sense at first but if you read on then it will fall into
place. Some of you may be asking the question.
How do I know if a trait, such as bud color is Homozygous Dominant
(BB), or Heterozygous (Bb) or Homozygous Recessive, (bb)?
If you have been given seeds or a clone you may have been
told that a trait, such potency is Homozygous Dominant, Heterozygous
or Homozygous Recessive. However, you will want to prove this to
yourself. Especially if you are going to use that plant in a future
breeding plan. You will have to do what is called a Test Cross.
THE TEST CROSS
Determining the phenotype of a plant is fairly
straightforward. You look at the plant and you see its phenotype.
Determining the genotype can not be done through visible observation
alone. The genes themselves are somewhat hidden except for their
visible related phenotypes.
Again there are three possible genotypes that the plant can
create. Let’s say golden bud is dominant and silver bud is recessive.
Here is the table.
Homozygous Dominant: BB = Golden Bud.
Heterozygous: Bb = Golden Bud
Homozygous Recessive: bb = Silver Bud.
(The Golden and Silver bud colors are the phenotype. The b and B are
The reason why Bb is golden and not silver is because B
Most phenotypes are observed characteristics but some things
like bud taste are also phenotypes that can not be observed. If we look
at a Mostly Sativa species like a Haze plant we will notice that it is
pale green. Now in a population of Haze plants we may notice that one
or two out of one hundred maybe dark green and not pale green. This
suggests that the dark green color is recessive. We are not totally sure
until we have completed the test but the gene frequencies suggest this.
We may also notice that the bud is golden on most of the plants so this
suggests that the golden bud color is a dominant trait. Some of the
buds on only a few of the plants may be silver. This suggests that the
silver trait is Recessive (bb in our example).
We know that the only genotype that produces the recessive
trait is homozygous recessive (bb). So if a plant shows a recessive trait
in its phenotype, its genotype is probably homozygous recessive.
A plant with a recessive trait always has a homozygous
But this leaves us with a problem. Is the Golden bud or pale
green leaf color a Homozygous Dominant (BB) or is it Heterozygous
So now is the time to perform the Test Cross. Any test cross is
a cross of an organism with an unknown dominant genotype (like in
our case) with an organism that is homozygous recessive for that same
To do this test we need another cannabis plant of the opposite
sex that is homozygous recessive (bb) for the same trait. So we will
stick with bud color as our example. Hey, we have a few silver bud